Arthur Fink, Fabian Marti, and Oskar Weiss on HACIENDA / Zurich

Is Hacienda an “off space”?

Yes, but we don’t like to call it that. To us Hacienda is an exhibition space. It’s a hybrid, an artist­-run space. Arthur is a curator, Oskar has had a gallery and Fabian is an artist.

You’ve just moved into a new space. Last summer it seemed like every art space in Zurich lost its home: you, Taylor Macklin, Plymouth Rock, Muda Mura Muri. Is this symptomatic of Zurich right now?

It’s something that comes from Zurich’s economic structure. All of these spaces are temporary or precarious; nobody can really afford a permanent space. Even after receiving money from the city and the canton you’re lucky if it covers the rent. It’s almost impossible for a nonprofit to have a permanent space. It’s a choice that favors the commercial, and we’re not at the point where we want to do that. When we started Hacienda a year ago we knew we were going to have to move because the lease was limited. This is a good format though, because otherwise things get repetitive. For a year every project can be sort of site specific. The new location is a former childcare center, and it’s exciting for us. There’s all this history it holds: Zwingli, the Swiss reformer, worked here, and Hans Fischli, the artist and architect, renovated it. There’s a connection to recent and older Swiss history. The space is the reason we invited Andreas Dobler to do the first show here, whose childhood imagery and esotericism fits perfectly.

Last year you did projects with both Dobler and Anton Bruhin. What is Hacienda’s interest in working with these very Swiss artists of an older generation?

First of all we are huge fans of their work. Both Bruhin and Dobler have been around for a long time, but they didn’t really have shows in a younger context. Nevertheless, they are artists that had and still have relevance in the local scene. They have been actively working and showing, but in our certain group it just wasn’t seen. Individually both are relevant to contemporary positions. Dobler’s paintings add to discussions around post­conceptual and postdigital imagery, but he began working on them in the 1980s. Anton Bruhin was one of the first artists in Switzerland to experiment with performance, doing them at Bellvueplatz, near here, when nobody was even thinking about these things. Our logic hasn’t been one of rediscovery because we didn’t frame it historically; it’s important that we showed new works alongside older ones.

The other consistency I notice is that of a West Coast connection: Keith Boadwee, Liz Craft, Pentti Monkkonen…

At the core we neither want to dig up old artists or find the new shit. We don’t follow a specific agenda. When we were first talking about doing Hacienda, Fabian said that he wanted to do this thing for one artist, Keith Boadwee, whom he met through Liz and Pentti. We looked at his work and thought of course it would be great. It has to do with friendships and personal biographies. There isn’t any East Coast vs. West Coast thing. It always has to do with us. The last time that Andreas Dobler had a solo exhibition in Zurich was in the context of Amberg & Marti, an exhibition series Fabian ran with Annette Amberg in their apartment when he was a student. From this point of view we do shows with people we know personally and like.

Can you discuss the idea of noncommercial spaces like yourself participating in art fairs like NADA and Paramount Ranch?

We don’t see these fairs as commercial platforms as much as places to meet with fellow artists, curators and gallerists. NADA asked us several times and invited us as an institutional project space. As the models for these kinds of exhibition spaces are changing, we also find that the fairs are trying to connect or build themselves in nontraditional ways as well. We take these opportunities to show Swiss artists that are not known internationally. At the first edition of Paramount Ranch we showed Anton Bruhin, Urs Zahn & Annina Matter and Bernhard Hegglin, who has never been shown in the US before. By definition, of course, you could say it’s a problem to do a fair as a nonprofit. But, fairs and art are merging in different ways than they did even a decade ago. Honestly, we’re happy to sell at an art fair. We’re supported by the state a bit, but the project should work on its own. It shouldn’t be the three of us putting too much money of our own into the project.

What do you all have planned for the rest of 2015?

In December we hosted a Daniel Spoerri show. The centerpiece of the show was the work Rezept Mappen Bibliothek, which consists of ten recipe books by Spoerri illustrated by his friends. We cooked one of the recipes at Hacienda ourselves, and invited friends for the dinner, as an homage to the infamous dinners Spoerri used to host himself. In March we will have a show with Swiss artist Bernhard Hegglin. Also during the month of March Heike Karin Foell will live at Hacienda to prepare her show in April. We are also very much looking forward to the exhibition of Timothée Calame, a young Geneva based artist that will show new works of his in May. We will end our year at Neustadtgasse 11 in June with a show by New York artist Lucky DeBellvue.

by Mitchell Anderson

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Akram Zaatari Salt Beyoglu / Istanbul

“Survey,” as a word, is always associated with the action of asking questions in order to bring a comprehensive overview to a subject matter.

In this same sense, the galleries of SALT Beyoglu, filled with Akram Zataari’s works, do ask questions: quite intimate, challenging and confrontational ones. Upon entering these enchanted zones, the viewer inevitably starts following the same paths of curiosity taken by the artist. Each inquiry leads to another one; each shame covers the next; each secret grows as a notion; and each acquaintance echoes with a personal memory.

The exhibition encompasses a selection of projects and works that were produced between 1998 and 2014, including Letter to a Refusing Pilot (2013), first presented in the Lebanese Pavilion at the 55th Venice Biennale. The viewer becomes a part of the experience by conflating the works with their own cumulative memories. With such loaded excerpts from the past, the border between the archival and the archeological constantly fades and reappears. Even his latest video work, Beirut Exploded Views (2014), carries a feeling of familiarity and curiosity through a seamless web of shots from construction sites. While asking hundreds of questions to gazing men, who obviously belong to a narrative about labor rights, the conditions of workers, the appearance of communication technologies, the social problems of fast-developing cities, and the detachment-inducing artificial nature of daily reality, the attention of the viewer is distracted by concealed erotic implications amid touching, mundane scenes — an undercurrent that reappears in other works.

Another Resolution (1998), a work on body language and posture, is an installation of twelve wall projections. Dance to the End of Love (2011) processes or even translates archival material into a shared visual language of today’s communication technologies. They bring familiarity through distance. Meanwhile Studio Shehrazade – Reception Space (2006) presents clues to photographer Hashem el-Madani’s studio, as if a childhood dream. In Untitled (2010) and Endnote (2014), Zaatari even positions himself as part of this dream.

Another floor hosts On Photography, People and Modern Times (2010), a display of vernacular photography, and 28 Nights and A Poem (2006–2014), another extensive multimedia installation that mines the physical and mental aspects of a photography studio. The first floor exhibits Zataari’s latest research, undertaken while on a Bogaziçi Chronicles residency at Bogaziçi University and later developed by SALT, in which he presents a case for a future work to be made, based on an excavation in Saida in 1887 by Ottoman statesman and founder of Turkey’s first museum Osman Hamdi Bey. The work is a constellation of his findings and documentation, along with interviews with descendants of archeologists that took part in the original excavation.

by Basak Senova

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Artists in Residence on the Rise / Singapore

With Ryan Gander’s new print works currently showing at the Singapore Tyler Print Institute, Koh Nguang How wrapping up his exhibition at the Centre for Contemporary Art, and The Art Incubator recently opening its 6th exhibition aptly titled ‘Residency as Method’, I was prompted to take a look at the developing trend of artist residencies that is clearly on the rise in Singapore.

The Singapore Tyler Print Institute was one of the earliest art galleries to establish such a program in 1997. With a strong focus on production, their model is also a unique one—a commercial gallery that directly facilitates the development of an artist’s practice and output. Director and Founder Emi Eu said: “The residencies have always been a central activity and objective. Back then it was called the Visiting Artist Program, basically to have the artist stay with us, to produce a body of work and have an exhibition afterwards. The gallery part was an outlet for people to see the works that were being produced, and also an avenue to make sales.”

Invited artists tend to have a strong conceptual practice. In 2015 alone, the space has already hosted Carsten Holler, Rirkrit Tiravanija, Anri Sala, and Tobias Rehburger, Shirazey Houshiary, Do Ho Suh, and Ryan Gander whose show ‘Portrait of a Colorblind Artist obscured by Flowers’ is on display until June. Speaking to Gander about his experience, he confessed that he enjoyed the challenge of being restricted to the medium of print. Armed with around 20 expert technicians at the ready, the endless possibilities of print mean that artists can take on bold new directions. Gander said: “It’s the only place I have been in the world where the physicality of making is the same speed as my ideas.”

A research centre that forms part of Nanyang Technological University and headed by Professor Ute Meta Bauer, it is no surprise that Centre For Contemporary Art’s residency program is research-based. Established as the second part to their ‘three pillar’ program of Exhibitions, Residencies and Research, they are essentially the beginning point of a conversation—there is no expectation to produce. Curator Vera May told us: “We support the idea of field work; of being here; of really understanding research and its processes, such as the ability to access archives or to meet with different people.” Allocated to an even mix of Singaporean, Southeast Asian and more broadly international artists who are selected by an international panel through a submitted research proposal, the seven adjacent studios are found nestled among the quiet tropical surrounds of Gillman Barracks. Currently in the studio are Newell Harry (Australia), James Jack (Japan), Arjuna Neuman (Australia/UK) and Charles Lim (Singapore), who will be representing Singapore at the upcoming Venice Biennale.

Independent space The Art Incubator, founded in 2008, has a residency program that sends emerging Singaporean artists out rather than hosting. Director Charmaine Toh said: “I think 5 or 6 years ago it was really about giving artists exposure. Southeast Asian artists are now getting invited to big international shows so it’s not so much about that anymore. The residencies are more a way to fund their practice and to provide a place to experiment” Currently on show is an exhibition of three emerging Singaporean artists anGie Seah, Godwin Koay and Sufian Samsiyar who completed their residencies at the Victorian College of the Arts, Melbourne, Bamboo Curtain Studio, Taipei, and 98B, Manila, respectively. Curator-in-residence Kimberly Shen chose to reflect on how artists respond to foreign locations through their work. Toh points out the unique and nuanced nature of the art scene in Southeast Asia: “The networks here are so important and you need to know who to talk to. Our role is facilitating these relationships.”

Grey Projects, housed in the hip neighborhood of Tiong Bahru and under the direction of Jason Wee, is one of the only artist-run spaces in Singapore after a number have closed in recent years. Their core focus is cross-cultural exchange through partnering with similar spaces including Platform3 in Bandung, Thailand, The Taipei Artists Village in Taipei, Hangar in Barcelona and the Casa Tres Patios in Colombia. Wee says: “We hope that artists can begin conversations with one another that doesn’t always have to have a gallery or museum act as the intermediary; without always having to talk through art history, or through the market.” Another part of their program is “a little more opportunistic”. They have a studio for a small number of Singaporean artists to work in whose work might be an experiment or where the subject matter is controversial and cannot easily be shown in galleries or institutions. Godwin Koay, for example, makes works about surveillance, police states, activism and institutional critique. Ironically, his propaganda posters created during his Art Incubator residency were required to be covered up due to a breach in funding requirements.

While the nature and experience of the residency differs from artist to artist—some providing longlasting and meaningful connections with place, others allowing a temporary platform for research or experimentation, there is no denying that the perpetual stream of artists coming in and out of Singapore adds a certain vibrancy to the art scene. As Jason Wee adds: “Singapore is a small place in the end.”

by Lucy Rees

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Sylvia Kouvali on Rodeo Gallery / London, Istanbul

Having initially opened their gallery doors in Istanbul back in 2007, occupying a former factory building, Rodeo Gallery has recently expanded to open a space in London’s west end.

With a stable of artists including recent Turner Prize winner Duncan Campbell, the gallery is regarded for its role in navigating Istanbul’s shifting arts scene, as well as having a program with a trans-geographic approach. Reaching a broader audience following the opening of its second gallery, founder and director Sylvia Kouvali discusses the growth of Rodeo Gallery and her distinction between what it means to be a gallerist rather than a dealer.

Rodeo began by representing artists from Turkey, Greece and Cyprus. What were the reasons for this?

I was pretty shocked by the lack of knowledge that existed between Greece, Turkey and Cyprus. The reasons are political, of course — or, let’s say geo-political. There were so many different people who didn’t know each other, who were working around very similar questions and thematics. For me, that was the starting point. There were similarities or connections between the art practices. At the time, there was no gallery bringing things together and creating a rodeo — which is the name of the gallery. In Latin, that word means to circulate and to surround. I’ve put together all these people who didn’t necessarily know each other. It’s always interesting when artists meet; some things succeed and some things fail.

What have you felt to be particularly successful?

I think the gallery is a pioneer in not necessarily looking into the Middle East as the Middle East. When I started the gallery, I was working primarily with artists from the three countries that we mentioned. But it’s been extremely important to have a trans-geographic approach. There are key artists in the program who deal with historical references and historical traumas, memories and the unconscious, sometimes appearing through the form of a found image or appropriation. Appropriation and archaeology have been very important in the gallery program.

And failures?

Failures are part of our daily lives. Some things don’t work. Istanbul has changed a lot; the way people behave has changed a lot, or use art, the excitement around what art is and can generate.

Do you think art’s use value has shifted in accordance with the development of the city?

I actually think that’s happening everywhere. It’s not specific to Istanbul.

What are some of the most resonant shows in the gallery’s history?

The gallery’s very first show was called “This Then That.” We produced a really great piece by Ahmet Öğüt that had to do with politics and power — state power over geography. Later, it was also shown by Adam Szymczyk and Elena Filipovic at the fifth Berlin Biennale. The show we did with Banu Cennetoğlu called “Sample Sale” in 2010 was also extremely important — Banu introduced her problematics with editioning and photography. We opened the gallery in London with another version in October 2014. It was a compilation of all the newspapers that are printed in the UK in one day; they present the story of a country’s history in that one day. They become this kind of mapping, or an archive. For me, Banu Cennetoğlu is a key figure for the gallery and our approach to making exhibitions.

Another exhibition that has been quite important for me was a show we did with Iman Issa in 2011. Iman is a very important artist from Egypt who lives and works in New York and who we’re showing in London in March 2015. In this particular body of work, she’s dealing with how a public monument can be seen through the eyes of a conceptual artist today. She comes up with re-evaluations or remakes of monuments; she’s using language in an abstracted form to describe something that exists. In 2009, we mounted an important show with Christodoulos Panayiotou — a Cypriot artist who is representing Cyprus in this year’s Venice Biennale. We showed a work called Neverland. Its material comes from research done in a photographic archive in Cyprus. The artist was taking the 1980s and 90s as a time frame within which to examine images of daily life that speak about the history and influences of a country like Cyprus — the Western influences it receives and embraces, and the travesties that these influences create within the society.

You opened your new space in London at the end of 2014. Has that expanded your activities as a dealer and what you’re able to do with the program?

I’m not a dealer; I’m a gallerist. I think that’s quite significant for me. One of the reasons that the gallery expanded had to do with the market. But the market is something that’s not necessarily just financial. There’s a curatorial market and then there’s a market for journalism. In moving to London, we’ve achieved a lot in terms of making people more aware of what we’ve been doing as a gallery.

Is there anything specific regarding the gallery’s program for the coming year that you’d like to mention?

There are a lot of exciting things ahead, both inside the gallery and out. Christodoulos Panayiotou’s Cypriot Pavilion at the Venice Biennale is something that is really very important. Then Tamara Henderson has a show at ICA Philadelphia in April. Also, there is Iman Issa’s participation in the Sharjah Biennale, and then Iman has a solo show at the Pérez Art Museum in Miami, which we’re also looking forward to. It will be followed by her show here at the gallery, which will be her first-ever show in the UK.

by Louisa Elderton

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Mélanie Matranga
 Karma International / Zurich

Mélanie Matranga’s “A perspective, somehow” turned Karma International into the kind of tasteful interior design store found on Zurich’s tonier streets. Two oversized paper lanterns expose the clean off-white space to the outside, in what would seem to be a lodestar to oncoming gentrification.

The works immediately look like yuppie design. Besides the lanterns (complex are complicated, 2015) there are butterfly chairs (overreacted chair, 2015), those hallmarks of efficient modern taste since their creation in 1938; hanging curtain­like room dividers (emotional not sentimental, 2015); a low platform bed (straight, overwhelmed, 2015); and white wall-to-wall carpeting (complex are complicated, 2014). Should I take off my shoes? It could be a one­stop shop for your yearly bonus.

But this is not the wall-to-wall carpeting of investment bankers and career academics. It’s cheap, and under it is a composed grid of electrical cables that gather tracked-in dirt in a way reminiscent of Brice Marden’s “Cold Mountain” series (1989–91). The lamps are clearly handmade, with speakers that emit a playlist. The chair covers are silicone, and cast within them are unusable depressions — a cup of coffee in the seat, for example. The wall hangings are silicone as well. Matranga borrowed doors from her friends’ flats in Paris and cast them against these curtains, creating expressive forms of personal spaces in a way that Rachel Whiteread knows well. The bed, while crusty and unmade, is not Tracy Emin’s; Matranga can emote without oversharing.

All of these objects traffic in one thing but deliver another. The pristine is replaced by the used and the cliché by the engaging. One has the sensation of the physicality of memories when in the space. Most compelling is Matranga’s repossessing of these symbols of soulless success and her repositioning them as signifiers of a creative life worth living.

by Mitchell Anderson

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Dancing Capsules / Los Angeles

It can be difficult to separate the work of Charles Atlas from that of his subjects: for four decades, he’s guided a spotlight onto other artists, choreographers and personalities by documenting their practices — and sometimes merely their presences.

For several days in March, “ATLAS IN LA,” a multifaceted program of screenings and talks organized by Los Angeles artist Paul Pescador, spread across venues including the Los Angeles Film Forum, the Hammer Museum and Cal Arts, provides a long-overdue West Coast survey. Authoring influential dance-for-camera experiments and technology-driven video portraits, the artist is unambiguous in his own styling, constructing documentary from fiction, script and theater.

Atlas slides his camera between two and three dimensions, pioneering the spliced medium of videodance. Filming performances choreographed specifically for the screen, these works are unable to rely on the excitement that physical proximity provides in live work; rather, they transmit their energy through the projector, flattening experience into a low-resolution square.

Mostly, he’s collaborated with his friends. After working as the Merce Cunningham Dance Company’s filmmaker in residence beginning in 1978, the two made Blue Studio: Five Segments (1975–76); their relationship was bookended by Merce Cunningham: A Lifetime of Dance (2001). In 1984, he established an ongoing relationship with the Michael Clark Company. British choreographer Clark’s productions incorporating graphic fashion and popular music are as contemporary and accessible as Merce Cunningham’s slow, sweeping movements are abstract and Minimalist. They made Hail to the New Puritan (1986), a parody of a made-for-television sketch that followed Clark around to show the public a typical day in the life of a modern choreographer. The buoyant, tongue-in-cheek piece was screened at nonprofit Chinatown space Human Resources as part of the evening program “Charles Atlas: Dance! Dance! Dance!” along with companion piece Ex-Romance (1987).

A night at the historic ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives at the USC Libraries was dedicated to queer icon Leigh Bowery. “Charles Atlas: Leigh Bowery and Friends” rounded up the feature-length documentary The Legend of Leigh Bowery (2001), contextualizing the notorious downtown personality, a nightlife legend who was rarely spotted anywhere before midnight. Marked as an immoral freak by the mainstream in the heated AIDS-scare late 1980s, the story of the mythic and misaligned character is told through anecdotes from his immediate family in Australia; his close confidant and eventual wife, Nicola Bateman; and artists for whom Leigh was a constant muse, including painter Lucien Freud and fashion designer Alexander McQueen. Atlas’s ongoing support for and fascination with Bowery resulted in the experimental short film Ms. Peanut Visits New York (1999), a snippet of Leigh navigating the cobblestone streets of New York’s still-dodgy west side in high heels and an impossible costume, and Dizzy Remix (2008), a multi-screen installation made for Kunstverein Hannover.

Within a more traditional film format, the artist’s work culminates in the grand, ambitious Ocean (1994). At the bottom of Rainbow Granite Quarry in Minnesota, the artist, joined by a five-person film crew, documented the Merce Cunningham Company performing to the music of a 150-member live orchestra before an audience of 4,500. He skipped generations again for the touching, emotional TURNING (2012), a concert film made together with Antony, following a European concert tour by Antony & the Johnsons. Interspersed among performance footage of the group are video portraits of thirteen women who uniquely define femininity — among them Kembra Pfahler, Cinema of Transgression actress and lead singer of The Voluptuous Horror of Karen Black; transgender DJ Honey Dijon; and underground performance artist Johanna Constantine, taking the stage in her signature look of caked blood and twisted wires — all take turns both “turning” on a rotating platform onstage as well as backstage for a moving, intimate interview.

Adjoining the screening program is a group exhibition at Park View gallery. Titled “A New Rhythm,” the show clusters Atlas with Benjamin Carlson, Nancy Lupo and Silke Otto-Knapp, all illustrating motion in ways other than moving gestures. Videos Fractions I (1978, with Merce Cunningham) and Jump (1984, with Philippe Decouflé) loop on one wall, wobbling between the grainy black-and-white footage of Cunningham and the latter’s acid-bright new-wave dramas cut by stylistic edits and sharply cadenced moves, more resembling a pop music video than fine art choreography. The achromatic Fractions I is directly reflected across the room by Otto-Knapp’s gray-scale canvas Seascape (third movement) (2013); in the same palette, Nancy Lupo’s floor sculpture Tuxedo Feeder (2014), an abstract sofa form of black and white quinoa and epoxy, three-dimensional but smoothly rounded, completes this gray-scale triangle. The fuchsia and teal melodrama on view in Jump bounces to Benjamin Carlson’s jumpy cobalt and indigo square hiding around the corner, scattered in aquamarine triangles that circulate incomplete with visible nervous energy, a visually hypnagogic pop work from 2015.

Watching videos stacked one on top of another throughout the city reveals how many time capsules the artist has created. Standing as the living record of so many historic live performances and turning points in visual culture, the various films richly flesh out deflated screen images, eagerly received in any space with room for the new.

by Jennifer Piejko

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